Construction, Traditional Items, Agricultural Techniques, Natural Remedies, Industrial Processes, Hunting Techniques, Household Items, Cooking Techniques


When other resources are unavailable, this technique provides a way to start fires for warmth, cooking, and various other purposes. Because of access to lighters and other materials, this technique is not commonly used, but the knowledge is still maintained. This method only requires two materials: a log that is well dried and a bush knife. A sharpened piece of wood cut from the log is used to create friction against the log thus starting the fire. Most often, a specific type of wood is used called Aremacha (wild cocoa), which ignites more rapidly than others.


This particular comb is made by carving a piece of bamboo with a knife. The whole process takes about three-four hours to complete a single comb. As a result of this as well as increased access to modern hygiene materials, the use of the bamboo comb is not a common practice.


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Tilivuva is used to treat skin fungi. This particular plant is similar to a creeper plant that grows low to the ground with leaves growing out of either side of the stalk. The leaves are oval shaped and can grow to be around 2.5 centimeters wide and 8 centimeters long (see Figure 1).


Tavan Salaa is a small weed like plant that grows in the Arkhangai province in Western Mongolia (see Figure 1). The only part of the plant that is used medicinally is the leaves found at the bottom of the plant. The seeds and top portions of the tavan salaa plant are not harmful if ingested, however, there is no known medicinal benefit derived from these parts of the plant.


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The Sour Sop is the fruit found on a Graviola Tree and is a natural cancer cell killer. The juice itself is all natural and has little to no negative side effects.


Sohor Khar is the medicinal use of a beetle found in the Arkhangai province of Mongolia (see Figure 1). The knowledge of this beetle had been passed down within Dr. Aruinna’s family. It is a rectal pain reliever.


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One of the byproducts from the cheese making process is the water that is strained from the liquid mixture, referred to simply as “yellow water” (see Figure 1). This yellow water drips out of the bag used to make cheese as it dries and also is a byproduct of the distillation of milk to make erech (a dairy based vodka) (see Figure 2). The water itself is a pale, translucent-yellow color, has the strong smell of yogurt, and a mild flavor with a slight bitter taste similar to that of the water that separates when refrigerated yogurt is left to sit.


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Rolina is a fruit produced from the cross between a custard apple and sour sop. The fruit itself is not indigenous to Papua New Guinea and exists as the result of lab research.


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Papu is a plant that is used to help mend broken bones. (see Figure 1)


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Purkut is used to treat intestinal problems like dysentery. (see Figure 1)